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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 8A. 1967 Six-Day War: Israel’s Assault on the U.S.S. Liberty

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on
July 22, 2020

On June 8, 1967, five days after the start of the Six-Day War, and just hours before Israel launched its offensive to take Syria’s Golan Heights, the U.S.S. Liberty, a U.S. Navy “technical research” vessel, i.e., an NSA (National Security Administration) “electronic spook ship,” was stationed in international waters about…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 9. 1953 – 1979. The Shah and Iranian Revolution

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on
July 22, 2020

Street scene Tehran 1977

After restoring the monarchy in 1953, the Shah, to his credit, continued the progressive reforms started by Mossadegh. As part of his White Revolution, the Shah broke up large estates and gave land to small farmers, started a school meal program for poor children, built new…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 10. Iraq: 1963 CIA Coup and the Genesis of Saddam Hussein

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on
July 22, 2020

Iraq, from the Arabic “araqa,” meaning “deeply rooted, well-watered,” did not come into being until the end of World War I, courtesy of Sykes – Picot, which created the British Mandate of Mesopotamia. But truth be told, Iraq should not even be a country, and making it…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 11. America’s Unprincipled Role in Saddam Hussein’s War on Iran 1980 – 1988

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on
July 22, 2020

Featured Image: E. Ou / ICRC / Getty Images

September 22, 1980, Iraq invaded Iran, starting a horrific war marked on both sides by missile attacks and artillery barrages on cities, and by Iraq’s use of chemical weapons. When it ended eight years later, as many as a million combatants…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 12. 1978 – 1989: Afghanistan, Soviet Union and Jihad

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on
July 22, 2020

Featured Photo: Sovfoto

Polytechnic University – Kabul, 1977

Notwithstanding the idyllic Kabul described in the opening pages of The Kite Runner, an island of privilege and modernity with prosperous businessmen in western suits, educated women with their hair uncovered, meticulously kept parks, even an American school, pre-1978 Afghanistan was mostly a very backwards place,…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 13. Iraq’s 1990 Invasion of Kuwait

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on
July 22, 2020

The glorious tale has been told and retold. On August 2, 1990, Iraq invaded and annexed its oil-rich neighbor, Kuwait. Just over four months later, on January 16, 1991, a U.S.-led multi-national coalition launched a massive assault, Desert Storm, first from the air, pummeling Iraqi infrastructure and air defenses for…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 14. Desert Shield and the Selling of the First Gulf War

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on
July 22, 2020

Republican Guard tank column

August 2, 1990. Iraq invaded Kuwait. Four mechanized divisions of Iraq’s elite Republican Guard, supported by helicopter gunships, rolled down Highway 80, all six lanes of it, and Iraqi commando units assaulted Kuwait City from the Gulf. 

Despite months of saber-rattling by Saddam Hussein, Kuwaiti…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 15. Desert Storm – The Air War

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on
July 22, 2020

On the January 15, 1991 deadline for unconditional withdrawal, Saddam’s forces in Kuwait were still dug in, and two days later, January 17, the U.S., with its coalition partners in tow, went to war against Iraq. 

One hour before the air assault was to begin, James Baker…


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 16. Desert Storm – The Ground War

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July 22, 2020

The Coalition’s bombing campaign ended February 23, 1991. It was the eve of a massive ground assault, code name “Desert Sabre,” to drive Saddam Hussein’s occupying forces out of Kuwait. Saddam called it the “mother of all battles,” which he borrowed from the Quran….


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Century of U.S. Meddling in the Middle East

Post 17. Desert Storm – Aftermath

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on
July 22, 2020

First week of March, 1992. After 37 days of strategic bombing and a blitzkrieg 100-hour ground war, Saddam’s forces were utterly defeated and out of Kuwait. Mission accomplished. Now what?

Seeking a second-term, with the November election only eight months off, George Bush said, “We…

JON WALKER MACLEOD
SEATTLE, WA

We live in perilous times, democracy is under attack, rationality and compassion are in short supply, and our planet, our home for 200,000 years, is burning up. We must resist, we must work for a better world. MacLeod Post is my voice in that struggle.

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